IS-212.B: Introduction to Unified Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) Answers


With your understanding of the definition of mitigation, which of the following is true:

  • Mitigation projects create safer communities and saves money through lower post-disaster rebuilding/replacement costs.
  • Mitigation funding can be used to improve a community’s response and recovery programs.
  • No mitigation project can eliminate 100% of future risk.
  • Mitigation projects seek to provide a short-term impact on hazard risk.

During the Application Review phase of the Federal award life cycle, all approvable grant applications are awarded.

  • True
  • False

Which of the following is NOT a process in the HMA Federal award life cycle?

  • Federal Award
  • Risk Assessment
  • Activity Implementation
  • Federal Award Closeout

Which processes are conducted during he Application Development phase of the Federal award life cycle?

  • Develop the Cost Estimate.
  • Develop the Scope of Work.
  • Develop the Work Schedule.
  • All of the above.

All HMA grant programs provide funding after a Federally-declared disaster.

  • True
  • False

All HMA grant applications must include a Scope of Work, Schedule, and Cost Estimate, and must be cost-effective, technically feasible, and comply with Environmental and Historic Preservation requirements.

  • True
  • False

Which statement about how mitigation projects provide value is true?

  • A report by the Congressional Budget Office showed that on average, future losses were reduced by about $3 for every dollar spent on mitigation projects.
  • A 2005 Loss Avoidance Study completed by the Multihazard Mitigation Council Study found that an investment of $3.5 billion saved $14 billion.
  • Mitigation projects reduce post-disaster disruption and allow quicker rebuilding.
  • All of the above.

Mitigation project types must be outlined in the mitigation plan.

  • True
  • False

Mitigation capabilities include community-wide risk reduction projects that protect against natural hazards.

  • True
  • False

The difference between a benefit-cost analysis (BCA) and a Loss Avoidance Study (LAS) is:

  • There is no difference because a BCA and LAS are the same.
  • A BCA and LAS are the same thing, except that one is an analysis and the other is a report.
  • BCA demonstrates the cost-effectiveness of FEMA’s mitigation programs, while an LAS analyzes hazard risk.
  • A BCA is completed during the grant application phase for a proposed mitigation measure, while an LAS is completed after a project has been tested by the hazard event it was designed for.

Which of the following is NOT part of the mitigation planning process?

  • Planning Process Description
  • Mitigation Strategy
  • Activity Identification
  • Plan Adoption Process

After a Federal award is issued, mitigation project and planning activities must be implemented in accordance with Federal award requirements.

  • True
  • False

FEMA-approved State, Indian Tribal, and Local Hazard Mitigation Plans are valid for:

  • Five years.
  • Three years.
  • Ten years.
  • It depends on other plans that the mitigation plan is linked to.

The first step in the mitigation process is:

  • Securing local cost-share funding.
  • Searching for a project manager.
  • Hazard mitigation planning.
  • Selecting which projects you want to implement.

Which HMA program has a goal to reduce or eliminate claims made against the National Flood Insurance Program?

  • Flood Mitigation Assistance Program (FMA)
  • Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program (PDM)
  • Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
  • Hazard Mitigation Assistance Program (HMAP)

The two electronic application systems used for the HMA grant programs are:

  • Mitigation Application Grant Processing System (MAGPS) and MitApp
  • MitApp and iMit
  • Electronic Grants Management System (eGrants) and HMGP System
  • FEMAMit and FEMA-Hazard Mitigation Grant Process (FEMA-HMGP)

Which HMA program provides Federal awards for all hazards mitigation planning and the implementation of mitigation projects for a variety of hazards prior to a disaster event?

  • Flood Mitigation Assistance Program (FMA)
  • Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program (PDM)
  • Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
  • Hazard Mitigation Assistance Program (HMAP)

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