FEMA IS-111.A: Livestock in Disasters Answers


Why is livestock agriculture thought to be more vulnerable to disasters now than in 1900?

  • Livestock agriculture is more widely dispersed than ever before.
  • Intensification of U.S. dairy production has manifested itself as lower productivity of individual cows.
  • Livestock agriculture’s reliance on machines and technology has increased the need for evacuation procedures.
  • Intensification and consolidation has resulted in an increased number of animals living in a smaller space.

Which of the following statements characterizes effective disaster preparedness plans?

  • ocal plans allow communities to integrate with state and federal response to disasters.
  • Emergency Operations Plans work best within organizational structures responsive to non-emergency duties that are similar to the duties needed in disasters.
  • One of the purposes of an Emergency Operations Plan is to provide an overview of the community’s jurisdiction.
  • All of the above.

Which of the following statements is correct regarding droughts?

  • Proper watershed, forest, and rangeland management is effective mitigation against droughts.
  • Spreading livestock operations out among several states is effective mitigation against weather-related disasters.
  • Reducing personal water usage helps reduce the impact of droughts.
  • All of the above.

Which of the following statements are correct regarding injuries and damages that result from earthquakes?

  • Most human injuries in earthquakes result from falling objects.
  • Place large and heavy objects on lower shelves and securely fasten shelves taller than 5 feet to walls. Brace anchor all tall or top-heavy objects.
  • Housing animals so that heavy objects do not fall on them in earthquakes is an important preparedness activity for earthquakes.
  • All of the above.

Which of the following statements is correct regarding the disposal of carcasses?

  • Large-scale disposal of carcasses an be contracted to specialty firms that deal with hazardous materials disposal, such as from superfund sites.
  • Composting is no longer used to dispose of any livestock carcasses.
  • The disposal of carcasses must require the permission of the State or Federal Environmental Protection Agency and Department of Natural Resources.
  • Carcasses must be disposed of onsite.

Which of the following statements is correct regarding the human food supply in disasters?

  • Even though smoke residues can be harmful to livestock, if livestock have been exposed to smoke residues they can be used for human consumption without concern.
  • If livestock raised for human consumption are removed from a farm, care must be taken that the animals are not exposed to diseases or hazardous materials that could threaten the human food supply.
  • If escaped livestock ingest toxic plants, their milk is likely to still be suitable for human consumption.
  • Intoxications of livestock are common in disasters, but there are no concerns over the safety of the human food supply.

Which of the following statements accurately describes disaster assistance?

  • In large-scale disasters, the Director of Emergency Management is responsible for declaring a disaster.
  • State disaster declarations can only be made when more than one community is affected.
  • Volunteer organizations are the only source of disaster assistance at the local level.
  • For a State to qualify for Federal disaster assistance from FEMA, it is best if the State has laws that are consistent with those of Federal emergency management law.

Which of the following statements is correct regarding heat stress in livestock?

  • Livestock are resistant to heat stress.
  • Under extreme heat conditions, livestock require less than 10% body weight of water per day.
  • Do not dress animals with vests, blankets, and other materials that would prevent them from sweating.
  • Heat stress in animals only occurs under conditions of extreme heat.

Which of the following statements correctly describe liability issues in disasters?

  • The owner of an escaped animal may be held liable for damages his/her animal creates.
  • The local Department of Animal Control is the legal entity in most communities to deal with abandoned and lost animals.
  • In most States, Good Samaritan Laws do not directly apply to the care of animals.
  • All of the above.

Which of the following statements is correct regarding a Foreign Animal Disease outbreak?

  • Practicing veterinarians are the officials who must conduct the investigation of a suspected Foreign Animal Disease.
  • Freedom from a Foreign Animal Disease in a country (such as Foot and Mouth Disease) usually includes being free of clinical disease and vaccinating against the disease.
  • The most likely route of entry of a Foreign Animal Disease is from wind blowing the agent across the borders.
  • Authoritative reports of a Foreign Animal Disease are made by the Chief Veterinary Official (CVO) for the United States.

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