FEMA IS-111.A: Livestock in Disasters Answers

1

Why is livestock agriculture thought to be more vulnerable to disasters now than in 1900?

  • Livestock agriculture is more widely dispersed than ever before.
  • Intensification of U.S. dairy production has manifested itself as lower productivity of individual cows.
  • Livestock agriculture’s reliance on machines and technology has increased the need for evacuation procedures.
  • Intensification and consolidation has resulted in an increased number of animals living in a smaller space.
2

Which of the following statements characterizes effective disaster preparedness plans?

  • ocal plans allow communities to integrate with state and federal response to disasters.
  • Emergency Operations Plans work best within organizational structures responsive to non-emergency duties that are similar to the duties needed in disasters.
  • One of the purposes of an Emergency Operations Plan is to provide an overview of the community’s jurisdiction.
  • All of the above.
3

Which of the following statements is correct regarding droughts?

  • Proper watershed, forest, and rangeland management is effective mitigation against droughts.
  • Spreading livestock operations out among several states is effective mitigation against weather-related disasters.
  • Reducing personal water usage helps reduce the impact of droughts.
  • All of the above.
4

Which of the following statements are correct regarding injuries and damages that result from earthquakes?

  • Most human injuries in earthquakes result from falling objects.
  • Place large and heavy objects on lower shelves and securely fasten shelves taller than 5 feet to walls. Brace anchor all tall or top-heavy objects.
  • Housing animals so that heavy objects do not fall on them in earthquakes is an important preparedness activity for earthquakes.
  • All of the above.
5

Which of the following statements is correct regarding the disposal of carcasses?

  • Large-scale disposal of carcasses an be contracted to specialty firms that deal with hazardous materials disposal, such as from superfund sites.
  • Composting is no longer used to dispose of any livestock carcasses.
  • The disposal of carcasses must require the permission of the State or Federal Environmental Protection Agency and Department of Natural Resources.
  • Carcasses must be disposed of onsite.
6

Which of the following statements is correct regarding the human food supply in disasters?

  • Even though smoke residues can be harmful to livestock, if livestock have been exposed to smoke residues they can be used for human consumption without concern.
  • If livestock raised for human consumption are removed from a farm, care must be taken that the animals are not exposed to diseases or hazardous materials that could threaten the human food supply.
  • If escaped livestock ingest toxic plants, their milk is likely to still be suitable for human consumption.
  • Intoxications of livestock are common in disasters, but there are no concerns over the safety of the human food supply.
7

Which of the following statements accurately describes disaster assistance?

  • In large-scale disasters, the Director of Emergency Management is responsible for declaring a disaster.
  • State disaster declarations can only be made when more than one community is affected.
  • Volunteer organizations are the only source of disaster assistance at the local level.
  • For a State to qualify for Federal disaster assistance from FEMA, it is best if the State has laws that are consistent with those of Federal emergency management law.
8

Which of the following statements is correct regarding heat stress in livestock?

  • Livestock are resistant to heat stress.
  • Under extreme heat conditions, livestock require less than 10% body weight of water per day.
  • Do not dress animals with vests, blankets, and other materials that would prevent them from sweating.
  • Heat stress in animals only occurs under conditions of extreme heat.
9

Which of the following statements correctly describe liability issues in disasters?

  • The owner of an escaped animal may be held liable for damages his/her animal creates.
  • The local Department of Animal Control is the legal entity in most communities to deal with abandoned and lost animals.
  • In most States, Good Samaritan Laws do not directly apply to the care of animals.
  • All of the above.
10

Which of the following statements is correct regarding a Foreign Animal Disease outbreak?

  • Practicing veterinarians are the officials who must conduct the investigation of a suspected Foreign Animal Disease.
  • Freedom from a Foreign Animal Disease in a country (such as Foot and Mouth Disease) usually includes being free of clinical disease and vaccinating against the disease.
  • The most likely route of entry of a Foreign Animal Disease is from wind blowing the agent across the borders.
  • Authoritative reports of a Foreign Animal Disease are made by the Chief Veterinary Official (CVO) for the United States.

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