FEMA IS-230.D: Fundamentals of Emergency Management Answers

1

Which of the following is NOT a key function of the Multiagency Coordination System?

  • Interagency activities
  • Incident command
  • Critical resource planning
  • Situation assessment
2

What capabilities focus on saving lives, protecting property and the environment, and meeting basic human
needs and begin when an incident is imminent or immediately after an event occurs?

  • Recovery
  • Rescue
  • Response
  • Readiness
3

Integrated emergency management is:

  • Intended to create an organizational culture that is critical to achieving unity of effort between all stakeholders.
  • A new concept to ensure that jurisdictions are prepared to response to human-caused incidents, such as terrorist attacks.
  • Used only during times of disasters and should not be integrated into the daily decision-making process within a jurisdiction.
  • A detailed methodology used when needed to manage complex incidents that are beyond a jurisdiction’s capability.
4

he Whole Community concept means that residents, emergency management practitioners, organization
and community leaders, and government officials:

  • Work together to assess the needs of their respective communities and determine the best ways to organize and strengthen their assets, capacities, and interests.
  • Prioritize which members of the community will receive assistance if response and recovery resources are limited.
  • ely on the expertise and resources of the Federal Government to rebuild their communities in a safer, stronger way following a disaster.
  • Become self-reliant in responding to disaster so that they will not need to request assistance through mutual aid or other means.
5

One key function of Emergency Operations Center (EOC) personnel is to

  • Assume chain of command for all personnel working at the incident scene.
  • Establish the optimal span of control for supervising responders
  • Ensure that the Incident Commander has needed resources (i.e., personnel, tools, and equipment)
  • Determine tactical objectives and direction for managing the incident.
6

Which of the following presents an integrated set of guidance, programs, and processes that enables the whole community to meet the National Preparedness Goal.

  • State Training and Exercise System
  • National Preparedness System
  • Community Response System
  • Incident Command System
7

Specific areas of authority and responsibilities for emergency management should be clearly stated in local
ordinances and laws. These ordinances and laws should specify a specific line of succession for elected officials
and require that departments of government establish lines of succession.

  • True
  • False
8

________ is a core function implemented during an emergency.

  • Finance and administration
  • Threat and hazard analysis
  • Public education and information
  • Logistics management and resource support
9

Which of the following is an example of a prevention activity?

  • Requiring identification for site access
  • Mobilizing search and rescue teams
  • Setting up a network of clinics to provide neighborhood-based healthcare access for residents affected by a hurricane
  • Passing an ordinance on controlling development in a floodplain
10

Which of the following statements about the Stafford Act is correct? Under the Stafford Act:

  • The types of incidents that may qualify as a major disaster are extremely broad.
  • The President may only declare a major disaster at the request of a Governor or tribal Chief Executive who certifies the State or tribal government and affected local governments are overwhelmed.
  • An emergency is defined as any natural catastrophe for which, in the determination of the President, Federal assistance is needed to supplement State, tribal, and local efforts and capabilities to save lives.
  • The Federal assistance available for major disasters is more limited than that which is available for emergencies.
11

The emergency operations plan is a key component of an emergency management program that:

  • Serves primarily as a budgeting document for acquiring emergency management resources.
  • Is required in order for a jurisdiction to receive Federal assistance with mitigation initiatives.
  • Establishes the overall authority, roles, and functions performed during incidents
  • Provides standard operating procedures for responding to specific types of incidents.
12

What capabilities focus on reducing loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters?

  • Response
  • Management
  • Mitigation
  • Protection
13

Identifying threats and hazards and applying physical, technological, and cyber measures to limit access are
examples of capabilities that support which mission areas?

  • Preparedness and Policing
  • Protection and Prevention
  • Response and Recovery
  • Mitigation and Management
14

What type of measures considers ways to reduce consequences together with the overall risk from specific
threats and other community goals?

  • Mitigation
  • Readiness
  • Response
  • Prevention
15

Which mission area includes restoring health and social services networks and returning economic and business activities to a healthy state?

  • Prevention
  • Protection
  • Response
  • Recovery
16

Which part of the emergency operations plan includes the Purpose, Scope, Situation Overview, Assumptions,
Concept of Operations, and Organization and Assignment of Responsibilities?

  • Annexes
  • Appendixes
  • Basic Plan
  • Executive Summary
17

Which of the folowing statements is FALSE?

  • Individuals and families can contribute by reducing hazards in and around their homes; developing a preparedness plan; and assembling emergency supplies.
  • Nonprofit organizations often have a commitment to the specific set of interests and values of their members, and therefore should be excluded from emergency management planning efforts.
  • Nongovernmental organizations often provide sheltering, emergency food supplies, counseling services, and other vital support services to support response and promote the recovery of disaster survivors.
  • Jurisdictions must work closely with private-sector entities that provide water, power, communications networks, transportation, medical care, security, and numerous other services.
18

Local elected or appointed officials

  • Conduct a preliminary damage assessment and submit documentation to FEMA requesting a Federal disaster declaration.
  • Delegate responsibility for emergency management and typically are not involved in the incident response and recovery.
  • Should be present at the Incident Command Post to direct the first responders in executing tactical operations.
  • May need to help shape or modify laws, policies, and budgets to aid preparedness efforts and to improve emergency management and response capabilities.
19

Which of the following statements about an emergency operations center (EOC) is correct?

  • An EOC allows decision makers to operate in one place to coordinate and communicate with support staff.
  • Having multiple EOCs allows for more efficient management of resources.
  • An EOC should be located as close to the incident site as possible.
  • To be most effective, an EOC should be organized according to Emergency Support Functions.
20

Which of the following statements is FALSE?

  • Nonprofit organizations bolster and support government efforts. These organizations collaborate with responders, governments at all levels, and other agencies and organizations.
  • While private-sector organizations are important in building resilient communities before an incident occurs,
    they play a limited role, if any, during an incident.
  • Private and nonprofit sectors are encouraged to develop contingency plans and to work with State, tribal, and local planners to ensure that their plans are consistent with other pertinent plans.
  • Government agencies are responsible for protecting the lives and property of their citizens and promoting their well-being. However, the government does not, and cannot, work alone.
21

What level of government has direct responsibility for the safety of its residents and direct knowledge of the
situation and accompanying resource requirements?

  • Local and tribal government
  • Regional government
  • State government
  • Federal Government
22

Select the TRUE statement:

  • The primary focus of recovery is on the restoration of physical structures rather than returning economic and business activities to a healthy state.
  • Recovery is primarily a responsibility of local government. Therefore, the Federal Government provides very limited assistance for recovery under the Stafford Act.
  • Recovery efforts are most effective when jurisdictions wait until responders have completed all response activities.
  • Long-term recovery can take months or years because it is a complex process of revitalizing homes, businesses, public infrastructure, and the community’s economy and restoring quality of life.
23

Which emergency management partner is responsible for coordinating all components of the emergency
management system for a community?

  • FEMA
  • State Governor
  • State Emergency Management Agency
  • Local emergency manager
24

____ has emergency services departments capable of responding to emergencies that include law enforcement, fire/emergency medical services, and public works.

  • State government
  • Local government
  • Federal Government
  • FEMA
25

hile every part of an emergency management program has its own role and function, private citizens are
solely responsible for the protection of life and property.

  • True
  • False
26

Emergency management principles help us identify and apply agreed-upon practices

  • True
  • False
27

Which of the following is NOT a feature of the Incident Command System?

  • Manageable span of control
  • Pre-designated incident locations and facilities
  • Management by objectives
  • Specialized code and terminology
28

All of the following are important emergency management planning principles EXCEPT FOR:

  • Planning should be flexible enough to address both traditional and catastrophic incidents.
  • Planning results in unique plans for every type of threat or hazard.
  • Planning is fundamentally a process to manage risk.
  • Planning must be community based, representing the whole population and its needs.
29

_____ is responsible for coordinating Federal resources that support State, local, tribal,
and territorial efforts when a Federal emergency or disaster is declared.

  • Local government
  • Regional government
  • State government
  • FEMA
30

Mission areas are comprised of the capabilities required for executing a function at any time (before, during,
or after an incident) and across all threats and hazards. Four of the five preparedness mission areas are:
Prevention, Protection, Response, and Recovery. Which is the fifth mission area?

  • Readiness
  • Planning
  • Mitigation
  • Preparation
31

Emergency managers create and sustain broad and sincere relationships among individuals and organizations to encourage trust, advocate a team atmosphere, build consensus, and facilitate communication. This statement describes which emergency management principle?

  • Coordinated
  • Flexible
  • Collaborative
  • Integrated
32

States delegate authority to their sub-units of government (including counties, municipalities, towns or
townships, and villages). This delegation creates local autonomy and limits the degree of State influence in local affairs. What is the term used to describe this delegation?

  • Home rule
  • Self-governance
  • Limits of power
  • Jurisdictional autonomy
33

The local emergency manager has the responsibility for coordinating emergency management programs and activities. A local emergency manger is responsible for all of the following activities EXCEPT FOR:

  • Identifying and analyzing the potential impacts of hazards that threaten the jurisdiction.
  • Developing an Incident Action Plan that specifies tactics for first responders
  • Coordinating the planning process and working cooperatively with response partners.
  • Managing resources before, during, and after a major emergency or disaster.
34

Categorizing, by capability, the resources requested, deployed, and used in incidents is referred to as:

  • Resource typing
  • Resource grouping
  • Resource classifying
  • Resource cataloging
35

Emergency managers consider and take into account all threats/hazards, all phases, all stakeholders, and all impacts relevant to disasters. This statement describes which emergency management principle?

  • Risk-Driven
  • Integrated
  • Progressive
  • Comprehensive
36

In addition to emergency core functions, the emergency manager directs day-to-day program functions. An
example of a day-to-day function is:

  • Emergency public information
  • Hazard mitigation
  • Public health and medical services
  • Direction, control, and coordination
37

Which FEMA mitigation program assists in implementing long-term hazard mitigation measures following Presidential disaster declarations?

  • Repetitive Flood Claims (RFC)
  • Severe Repetitive Loss (SRL)
  • Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM)
  • Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
38

Under the Stafford Act

  • The Secretary of Homeland Security is responsibility for coordinating Government response efforts.
  • The FEMA Administrator may assume the authorities of local, tribal, and State authorities on a temporary basis.
  • The Federal Government may provide unlimited Federal assistance to jurisdictions.
  • The President may designate an incident as either an “emergency” or a “major disaster”.
39

This authority emphasizes that Federal disaster assistance is intended to supplement, not supplant, the
resources of State, local, and private-sector organizations.

  • Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006
  • Sandy Recovery Improvement Act of 2013
  • Executive Order 12127
  • Executive Order 10427

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